Phonology is the study of how sounds are organised and used in natural languages
This means pronouncing Japanese is easy for English speakers.
Japanese has no grammatical genders unlike Spanish and French. Thus sensei (teacher) can mean male or female.
Japanese does not use singular or plural. ほん(Hon) means ‘a book’ and ‘books’ ともだち(Tomodachi) means ‘a friend’ or ‘friends’.
Like English, there is no case ending in Japanese. いすisu (chair) is always isu weather it is the subject, object or indirect object of a sentence, unlike German and Russian.
Verb conjugations are not affected by gender or numbers. The same verb can be used regardless of the subject.
eg) ‘Taberu’ means ‘I eat’, ‘he eats’ and ‘they eat’.
Verbs follow rules of conjugation with only a few exceptions, unlike English, Russian and Greek.
Past & Present.
Japanese dose not use words like ‘the’, ‘a’ and ‘an’ before a noun.
Japanese use a lot of English words in today’s society. You may recognise them…
コーヒー koohii → Coffee
カメラ kamera → Camera
メニュー menyu → Menu
Japanese has three writing systems, Hiragana, Katakana and Kanji. All three are used at the same time when writing.
Each Hiragana and Katakana character represents the one sound, once you mastered these characters you can read and pronounce written Japanese.